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Technical standards

The rules governing the safety of the cargo

Directive 2014/47/EU on the technical roadside inspection of the roadworthiness of commercial vehicles circulating in the Union refers to a series of technical standards that can be used as a basis for calculating the securing of the cargo. In fact, the standards make it possible to calculate the minimum number of web lashings to be used based on the type and arrangement of the cargo. Or the standards allow to evaluate whether the structural strength of the transport unit walls is sufficient for the securing of the cargo.

L’allegato III, sezione I della Direttiva 2014/47/UE richiama le norme di seguito riportate. Le stesse sono elencate anche nelle Linee guida europee sulle migliori pratiche di fissazione del carico per il trasporto su strada, disponibili qui.

StandardSubject
EN 12195-1Calculation of lashing forces
EN 12640Lashing points
EN 12642Strength of vehicle body structure
EN 12195-2Web lashings made from man-made fibres
EN 12195-3Lashing chains
EN 12195-4Lashing steel wire ropes
ISO 1161, ISO 1496ISO container
EN 283Swap bodies
EN 12641Tarpaulins
EUMOS 40511Poles – Stanchions
EUMOS 40509Transport Packaging

The relationships between the main standards

The technical standards referred to in the Directive 2014/47/EU on the technical roadside inspection of the roadworthiness of commercial vehicles circulating in the Union must be used jointly to ensure that the cargo is properly secured. The diagram shows the interrelation between the above listed standards. At the center, we find EN 12195-1 as the main standard.

Relations between the main technical standards that regulate the securing of the cargo
Relations between the main standards that regulate the securing of the cargo

Where to buy the standards?

The standards mentioned in the table are covered by copyright, therefore, unlike Directive 2014/47/EU, they cannot be downloaded for free. The following are examples of sites where the current version of the standards are available:

UNI – ENTE ITALIANO DI NORMAZIONE

BSI GROUP – BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION

ISO – INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION

BEUTH VERLAG

NBN – BUREAU FOR STANDARDISATION

Here can be found the following standards relevant to packaging:

EUMOS 40509

EUMOS 40511