The rules governing the safety of the cargo
Directive 2014/47/EU on the technical roadside inspection of the roadworthiness of commercial vehicles circulating in the Union refers to a series of technical standards that can be used as a basis for calculating the securing of the cargo. In fact, the standards make it possible to calculate the minimum number of web lashings to be used based on the type and arrangement of the cargo. Or the standards allow to evaluate whether the structural strength of the transport unit walls is sufficient for the securing of the cargo.
L’allegato III, sezione I della Direttiva 2014/47/UE richiama le norme di seguito riportate. Le stesse sono elencate anche nelle Linee guida europee sulle migliori pratiche di fissazione del carico per il trasporto su strada, disponibili qui.
|EN 12195-1||Calculation of lashing forces|
|EN 12640||Lashing points|
|EN 12642||Strength of vehicle body structure|
|EN 12195-2||Web lashings made from man-made fibres|
|EN 12195-3||Lashing chains|
|EN 12195-4||Lashing steel wire ropes|
|ISO 1161, ISO 1496||ISO container|
|EN 283||Swap bodies|
|EUMOS 40511||Poles – Stanchions|
|EUMOS 40509||Transport Packaging|
The relationships between the main standards
The technical standards referred to in the Directive 2014/47/EU on the technical roadside inspection of the roadworthiness of commercial vehicles circulating in the Union must be used jointly to ensure that the cargo is properly secured. The diagram shows the interrelation between the above listed standards. At the center, we find EN 12195-1 as the main standard.
Where to buy the standards?
The standards mentioned in the table are covered by copyright, therefore, unlike Directive 2014/47/EU, they cannot be downloaded for free. The following are examples of sites where the current version of the standards are available:
Here can be found the following standards relevant to packaging: